Week #31; Wed, 8/01/18: Josh. 7-11

Week #31; Wed, 8/01/18, 2018: Josh. 7:1-11:23

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
Notice how chapter 10 accounts for the “sun standing still” now bringing NASA to make allowances in calculations for accurate space travel.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

JOSHUA 7: Israel Defeated at Ai
1. Due to devoted things being removed by Achan and Zabdi, of the tribe of Judah, the anger of the Lord burned against the people of Israel.
2. When Joshua sent men form Jericho to Ai to spy out the land, they returned saying only 3,000 men were needed to attack.
3. But, the 3,000 men fled before the men of Ai, losing about 36 men.
4. The hearts of the people of Israel melted.
5. Joshua tore his clothes and lamented to the Lord before the ark of the Lord.
6. The Lord commanded Joshua to get up and burn those who have taken the devoted things.
7. Achan and Zabdi confessed; Achan was selected by lot to be burned and stoned in the Valley of Achor.
8. The Lord then turned from his burning anger.

JOSHUA 8: The Fall of Ai
1. The Lord said to Joshua, “Take all the fighting men to Ai.”
2. The Lord said to Joshua, “You shall do to Ai as your did to Jericho.”
3. The Lord said to Joshua, “Lay in ambush behind it.”
4. Joshua took 30,000 men of valor with him.
5. Joshua set 5,000 in ambush who were to set the city on fire once the men of Ai leave to pursue Joshua’s 25,000 men in the main encampment.
6. Not a man was left in Ai (or Bethel) who did not go out after Israel; the city was open.
7. The ambush element captured and burned Ai, then they went out after Ai and it’s king striking them down as the Lord directed.
8. 12,000 men, women, and children of Ai fell by the hand of Israel; the king of Ai was hanged.
9. Joshua renews the covenant with the Lord by building an altar on Mt. Ebal and Mt. Gerizim, reading the words of the Law of Moses which the Lord had written.

JOSHUA 9: The Gibeonite Deception
1. When they heard of the defeat of Ai and it’s king, all of the kings in the surrounding cities gathered as one to fight against Joshua and Israel.
2. But, the Gibeonites acted with cunning by dressing with worn our garments and dry and crumbly provisions to meet Joshua and the Israelites.
3. The Gibeonites said to Joshua, “We are your servants.”
4. They claimed to be from a distant country coming to make a covenant of peace and servitude with Israel; Joshua made peace with them ignoring what the Lord commanded.
5. Because of the oath, they did not kill the Gibeonites, but made them cutters of wood and drawers of water.

JOSHUA 10: The Sun Stands Still
1. But the Amorite kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuith, Lachish, and Eglon gathered up their forces and encamped against Gibeon and made war against it.
2. The men of Gibeon asked Joshua to save them from the five Amorite kings.
3. The Lord said to Joshua, “Do not fear them, for I have given them into your hands.”
4. The Lord threw down large hailstones on them and they died.
5. The sun and the moon stood still for a whole day until the nation of Israel took vengeance on their enemies.
6. The five Amorite kings were executed by hanging.
7. Makkedah, Gezer, Eglon, Hebron, Debir, Libnah, and the whole hill country,the Negeb, and the lowland/slopes was also captured and destroyed; none of the inhabitants remained, just as at Jericho.

JOSHUA 11: Conquests in Northern Canaan
1. Madon, Shimon, Achshaph, the northern hill country, the Arabah, Chinneroth, the lowland in Naphoth-dor, the Canaanites, the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Hivites came to the waters of Merom to fight against Israel.
2. The Lord said to Joshua, “Do not fear them for I have given them into your hands.”
3. Joshua was told to ham-string their horses and burn their chariots with fire; he did.
4. Joshua also struck Hazor and the hill country, the Negev, Goshen and the lowlands, the Arabah and the hill country and it’s lowlands from Mount Halak, Baal-gad in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon.
5. Joshua took them all in battle.
6. The Lord devoted them all to destruction just as the Lord commanded Moses.
7. The Anakim from the hill country from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the hill country of Judah and Israel were devoted to destruction by Joshua just as the Lord commanded Moses.
8. However, some of the Anakim were left to remain in Gaza, but Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had spoken to Moses.

ADMIN NOTES:

1. All Readings for each week are now contained in a separate posting rather than in a continuous stream under one post.

2. However, “Week #7” is out of proper order; use “Search” to find if needed; other minor repairs are also pending.

3. The blog page titled “4-Schedule” now contains 3rd and 4th Quarters for 2018. 2019 and 2020 will be added soon.

Week #32; Wed, 8/08/18: Josh. 12-19

Week #32; Wed, 8/08/2018, Josh. 12:1-19:51

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
Boundaries of the land are delineated both before and after the crossing of the Jordan. Apparently Moses was active in the defeat of the kings east of the Jordan and Joshua defeated the kings beyond the Jordan. As the tribes of Israel are allocated their inheritance, detailed boundaries of Israel are identified by God to Moses and Joshua forever.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

JOSHUA 12: Kings defeated by Moses and Joshua and the Allocation of Those Lands to the Tribes of Israel
1. Following victory by the people of Israel, Moses gave the lands east of the Jordan to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh.
2. Following 31 victories by the people of Israel on the west side of the Jordan, Joshua gave those lands to the remaining nine tribes and half the tribe of Manasseh.

JOSHUA 13: Land to be Conquered and Inheritance East of the Jordan
1. Very much land remained to possess and Joshua was getting old.
2. God himself told Joshua that He Himself will drive out the inhabitants before the people of Israel.
3. Joshua was to include the dividing of this additional land for an inheritance to the remaining nine tribe and half the tribe of Manasseh.
4. However, the people of Israel did not drive out the Geshurites or the Maacathites.
5. Only the Levites did not receive an inheritance; the offerings by fire to the Lord God of Israel are their inheritance.

JOSHUA 14: Inheritance West of the Jordan and Caleb’s Request and Inheritance
1. The inheritance that all the people received was done by lot.
2. The Levites did not receive land as an inheritance.
3. Caleb came to Joshua explaining that Moses sent him and his brothers to spy out the land when he was 40. This was before the crossing of the Jordan, but now Caleb was old.
4. Caleb, now at 85 and still a strong man, requested the “hill country” inheritance Moses promised him.
5. Joshua blessed him and gave him Hebron.

JOSHUA 15: Judah’s Allotment
1. Details for the boundaries of Judah are given.
2. Caleb’s portion is reiterated.
3. In Caleb’s clearing of the inhabitants from his inheritance, he invited his leaders to capture Debir/Kiriath-sepher, promising to give his daughter to the victor.
4. Othniel, Caleb’s brother, captured it and he gave him Achsaah his daughter as wife.
5. But the Jebusites, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, could not be driven out by the people of Judah.

JOSHUA 16: Ephraim and Manasseh’s Allotment
1. The allotment of the people of Joseph (Manasseh and Ephraim) was assigned.
2. However, they did not drive out the Canaanites, so they were made to do forced labor for the people of Israel.

JOSHUA 17: Ephraim and Manasseh’s Allotment (cont.)
1. The allotment to Manasseh (the firstborn to Joseph) was made.
2. Then the allotment was made to Machir (the firstborn of Manasseh) and to the rest of the people of Manasseh by their clans by male descendants.
3. The five daughters that were descendants of Zelophehad were his only children and they approached Eleazar and Joshua requesting an inheritance like the brothers of their father.
4. The Canaanites persisted in dwelling in that land even though being put to forced labor; they were not driven out.
5. The people of Joseph (Ephraim and Manasseh) were many and needed more land since the hill country of Ephraim is too small and narrow.
6. They approached Joshua for more land and he granted them two allotments, but required them to clear the forests of the hill country inhabited by the Canaanites, though they have chariots of iron and though they are strong.

JOSHUA 18: Allotment of Remaining Land and the Inheritance for Benjamin
1. The people of Israel assembled at Shiloh and set up the tent of meeting there where the land was already subdued.
2. Here at Shiloh the seven tribes that still needed allotments were required to go and survey the land with three men from each and divide it into seven portions and bring it to Joshua.
3. Joshua cast lots for the portions of land, one for each tribe.
4. Benjamin’s inheritance came up as the first lot. It’s boundaries and cities are described.

JOSHUA 19: Simeon, Zebulun, Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, Dan, and Joshua’s Inheritance
1. The remaining tribe inheritances were assigned by lot for the remaining portions of land and its cities.
2. So, the dividing of the land was finished.

Week #33; Wed, 8/15/18: Joshua 20-Judges 1

Week #33; Wed, 8/15/18, Joshua 20-Judges 1

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
It appears tight controls were placed over the “cities of refuge” as directed by God through Moses and Joshua. Also, the risk of war broke out at Shiloh between the tribes on the east and on the west of the Jordan due to construction of the altar of “Witness” by the two and one-half tribes that live on the east side of the river. Upon engaging in battle with the inhabitants of the land, many could not be completely overthrown and driven out, but they were ultimately made subject of forced labor.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
JOSHUA 20: The Cities of Refuge
1. A manslayer who strikes any person without “intent” or “unknowingly” may flee there.
2. They shall be a refuge from the avenger of blood.
3. One who flees to one of these cities must explain his case to the elders of that city at the gate before entering.
4. The individual will not be turned over to the avenger.
5. He shall be given a place and remain with them until he has stood before the congregation for judgment, until the death of him who is high priest at the time.
6. Then the manslayer may return to his own home, to the town from which he fled.
7. Kedesh, Shechem, Kiriath-arba, Bezer, Ramoth, and Golan were designated as cities of refuge for all of the people of Israel and sojourners.

JOSHUA 21: Allotments of cities and pastures to Levi
1. The Lord commanded through Moses to give the Levites cities and pasture to live in along with their livestock.
2. Lots were cast for the clans of the Levites, the descendants of Aaron, to receive 48 cities as the Lord had commanded through Moses.
3. Not one word of all the good promises that the Lord had made to the house of Israel had failed; all came to pass.

JOSHUA 22: The tribes from east of the Jordan return home
1. Joshua summoned the Reubenites, Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh to instruct them to go to the lands east of the Jordan that Moses promised them.
2. They were faithful in keeping their promise to cross over the Jordan and fight alongside their brothers in taking the lands promised to the people of Israel.
3. Joshua commanded them to observe the commandment and the law the Lord commanded them through Moses.
4. Joshua blessed them and sent them on their way back across the Jordan.
5. But, they built an altar on the side of the Jordan belonging to the people of Israel (the other nine and one-half tribes).
6. The people of Israel gathered at Shiloh to make war against them because of this apparent breach of faith by the two and one-half tribes.
7. The two and one-half tribes denied accusations of rebellion and breach of faith, but instead claimed the altar was built in fear that their children may cease to worship the Lord.
8. The altar was built to be a “witness” between the two sides of the Jordan.
9. When this explanation was heard by the nine and one-half tribes, it was good in their eyes and war was averted.

JOSHUA 23: Joshua’s charge to the leaders of Israel
1. After much rest to Israel, Joshua, in his old age, promised the people of Israel that the Lord will push back the nations that remain in the land and drive them out.
2. Joshua commanded them to possess their land and to keep and do all that is written in the Book of the Law of Moses.
3. Joshua commanded them to not mix with the remaining nations among them or to mention their gods.
4. One man of you puts to flight a thousand, since it is the Lord your God who fights for you, just as he promised you.
5. The people of Israel were not to marry, associate with them, or worship their gods.
6. If so, the Lord will no longer drive out these nations before them; they will become a snare and a trap for the people of Israel.
7. And, the Lord will make the people of Israel perish quickly from the land he gave them.

JOSHUA 24: The renewal of the covenant at Shechem
1. Joshua summoned the leaders of Israel reminding them, the Lord took Abraham from beyond the Euphrates while they served other gods, bringing him through the land of Canaan and giving him many offspring.
2. Isaac had Jacob, who went down to Egypt and Esau, who went to the hill country of Seir.
3. The Lord sent Moses and Aaron to Egypt to ultimately bring the people of Israel back to the land of Canaan via the crossing of the Red Sea and the wilderness.
4. The Lord gave the Amorites, who lived on the far side of the Jordan, into the hands of the people of Israel to possess their land.
5. He also gave all peoples in the land into the hands of the people of Israel by sending “hornets” before them not by their sword or their bow.
6. Joshua told the people to therefore fear the Lord and serve him in sincerity and in faithfulness.
7. Joshua told them to put away all other gods and serve the Lord.
8. Joshua told them to choose who they will serve, the God of Israel or the other gods.
9. Joshua told them, “As for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.”
10. The people of Israel said, “. . . we also will serve the Lord, for he is our God.”
10. Joshua again, told them the consequences of worshiping other gods and said that they are a witness unto themselves and he sent them away to their inheritance.
11. Joshua then died at 110 and was buried at his own inheritance at Timnath-serah in the hill country of Ephraim.

JUDGES 1: The conquest of Canaan continues
1. The people of Israel inquired of the Lord as to who will go up to meet the Canaanites, to fight.
2. The Lord said Judah should go up.
3. Judah and Simeon, his brother, agreed to go together to fight.
4. They defeated 10,000 of the Canaanites at Bezek.
5. Adoni-bezek fled, but they caught him and cut off his thumbs and big toes; they took him to Jerusalem where he died.
6. The men of Judah fought against Jerusalem and captured it setting it on fire.
7. Continuing to Debir via Hebron, Caleb said, “He who captures it, I will give him Achsah my daughter as wife.”
8. The conquest failed when battling the inhabitants of the plain because they had chariots of iron; likewise, at Jerusalem, the Jebusites could not be removed and they remained.
9. The Canaanites persisted in dwelling in the land because Manasseh could not drive them out; however, eventually they put them to forced labor.
10. Ephraim, Zebulun, Asher, Naphtali, and Dan did not drive out the inhabitants completely also, but eventually they used them under forced labor.

Week #34; Wed, 8/22/18: Judges 2-7

Week #34; Wed, 8/22/18: Judges 2:1-7:24

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
The term “angel of the Lord” speaks of Israel’s disobedience for not completing the total conquest of the land but promises not to break his covenant with them. The term “angel of the Lord” continues to speak with great authority; even as if it could be Jesus talking. Recall the many times this term has been used already (Gen. 16:7, etal).

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
JUDGES 2: The Disobedience of Israel
1. The “angel of the Lord” speaks decisively to the people of Israel condemning them for not obeying his voice to totally drive out the inhabitants of the land.
2. He will now NOT drive out the inhabitants before them, but these inhabitants will now become a thorn in their sides; their gods will become a snare.
3. When Joshua died at age of 110 and was buried at Timnath-heres in Ephraim, the people continued to follow their elders who outlived Joshua until they were gathered to their fathers also.
4. The generations after them did not know the Lord or the work that he had done for Israel.
5. So, the people of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the Lord and began to serve Baals and their Ashtaroth idols, the gods of the inhabitants of the land–they abandoned the Lord.
6. The anger of the Lord was kindled against the people of Israel and he gave them up to their enemies.
7. In their distress, the Lord raised up judges, who saved them.
8. When each judge died, the people turned back and were more corrupt, going after other gods to worship.
9. Because of this, the Lord refused to drive out the nations that Joshua left behind.

JUDGES 3: The Lord Raises up Judges
1. The Lord used the nations (Philistines, Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Sidonians, Hivites, and Jebusites) that were allowed to remain in the land to test the people of Israel (those generations who had not experienced all the wars in Canaan) so that they would know war and learn war.
2. The people of Israel were to be tested by these nations to determine if the people would obey the commandment of the Lord.
3. The people of Israel intermarried with the people in the land and they served their gods.
4. Because this was evil in the sight of the Lord, the people of Israel were allowed to suffer at the hands of the nations in the land and they cried out to the Lord.
5. The people of Israel did evil; they forgot the Lord and served Baals and the Asheroth; they were sold to the king of Mesopotamia who they served for 8 years before crying out to the Lord; the Lord gave them victory and rest for 40 years under Othniel; and then Othniel died.
6. Again, the people of Israel did evil; they were defeated by Moab who they served for 18 years before crying out to the Lord; the Lord gave them victory and rest for 80 years under Ehud followed by Shamgar.

JUDGES 4: Deborah and Barak
1. But, the people of Israel did evil again; they were defeated by Canaan and served them for 20 years under persecution; the Lord heard them crying out; the Lord gave them victory over Canaan under Deborah.
2. Note the utility of a tent peg and a hammer by Jael, wife of Heber, to subdue Sisera (his 900 chariots were useless against the Lord).

JUDGES 5: The Song of Deborah and Barak
1. Following victory and great searching of hearts, the land had rest for 40 years.

JUDGES 6: Oppression from Midian
1. But, again the people of Israel did evil in sight of the Lord.
2. The Lord gave them into the hand of Midian for 7 years who plundered the land, leaving no sustenance in Israel.
3. The people cried out and the Lord sent the angel of the Lord to Gideon.
4. Gideon asked the angel of the Lord for a sign and it was given, so he built an altar to the Lord and tore down the altar of Baal that belonged to his father Joash.
5. All the Midianites, Amalekites, and all the people of the East came together to contend over the altar of Baal, but the Spirit the Lord brought up the Abiezrites, Manasseh, Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali to Gideon.
6. Gideon asked God to show him a sign with a fleece of wool to confirm that he would be victorious against his enemies and he did, twice.

JUDGES 7: Gideon’s 300 men
1. Gideon (also Jerubbaal) and all his people rose up (about 32,000) and prepared to face the enemy at the hill of Moreh.
2. But the Lord said to Gideon that he had too many men telling him to reduce the size of his forces until only 300 were left; they were those who drew water to their mouth with their hands instead of lapping it with their tongue like a dog.
3. That night, Gideon and Purah, his servant, went to the camp of the enemy at the command of the Lord and listened to the enemy describe how one of them dreamed of their defeat by Gideon.
4. Gideon worshiped.
5. All of the enemy army ran and turned swords on his comrade when Gideon and his men surrounded them and blew trumpets, smashed jars, and lit torches.

Week #35; Wed, 8/29/18: Judges 8-13

Week #35; Wed, 8/29/18: Judges 8:1-13:25

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS: Gideon was a busy man. He displays humility to remove envy by the Ephraimites; he effectively used this method to end the strife. He no sooner has victory over the Midianites at the direction of God, he and God are soon forgotten.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:
JUDGES 8. Gideon rules for forty years
1. The men of Ephraim were envious that Gideon did not call on them to fight against Midian.
2. Gideon wisely pacifies the Ephraimites with humility to prevent conflict.
3. Gideon was called of God; he did not seek honor or dispose of honor.
4. Gideon deferred to God for all honors and this divine conduct was recognized and accepted by the Ephraimites.
5. Gideon took his 300 men and crossed over the Jordan in pursuit of the remaining Midianites.
6. Gideon’s men were totally exhausted and needed sustenance; they turned to Succoth and Penuel seeking food but were denied.
7. Gideon pressed on with his 300 men to fight about 15,000 of the 120,000 remaining men of Midian and their two kings, leading the army to panic.
8. Gideon returned to Succoth and Penuel where he taught them a lesson by severely tormenting the elders of Succoth and killing the men of Penuel and destroying their tower.
9. Gideon killed the kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna thereby sealing the victory over the Midianites.
10. Gideon was called by the men of Israel to “rule over us” but he said “I will not, the Lord will rule over you.”
11. But, Gideon called for all of the spoils from the battle with the Midianites to make an Ephod where all of Israel whored after it there, becoming a snare to him and his family.
12. Nevertheless, the land had rest for 40 years but when Gideon died the people whored after the Baals and did not remember the Lord.

CHAPTER 9: Gideon’s son Abimelech conspires to rule Shechem
1. Abimelech was one of 70 sons of Gideon and was bent on becoming ruler over the people.
2. Although his family was inclined to follow him, he hired ruthless people to kill his brothers.
3. Jotham, the youngest son, fled while the leaders of Shechem and Beth-millo and made Abimelech king.
4. Because of the violence done to the 70 sons of Gideon, Abimelech only reigned for 3 years; he died in battle when a woman threw a rock from the tower of Thebez and crushed his head that led to being finished by his armor bearer with the sword.
5. God returned the evil of Abimelech which he committed against his father when he killed his seventy brothers.

CHAPTER 10: More disobedience, oppression and deliverance
1. After Abimelech there arose Tola and Puah, who ruled for 23 and 22 years respectively.
2. Then the people of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the Lord and served the Baals and the Ashtaroth, the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Ammonites, Philistines; they forsook the Lord and did not serve him.
3. The people of Israel were sold into the hands of the Philistines and Ammonites where they were oppressed for 18 years.
4. When the people of Israel cried out to the Lord in repentance, he said I will save you no more.
5. The people put away the foreign gods and called for a man to fight against the Ammonites and giving him head over them if victorious.

CHAPTER 11: Jephthah delivers Israel
1. Upon confrontation by the Ammonites against Israel, Jephthah was sought out by the elders of Gilead to be their leader for he was a mighty warrior.
2. Even after being rejected by his brothers as the leader of Gilead, the people were in distress and promised to make him their leader if he was successful; Jephthah agreed.
3. Jephthah learned that the Ammonites wanted their land restored because it was taken when the people of Israel came up out of Israel.
4. Jephthah vowed to the Lord that if he was victorious over the Ammonites, he would offer up whatever comes out from the doors of his house to meet him when he returned in peace from the Ammonites, “I will offer it up for a burnt offering.”
5. So, the Lord gave the Ammonites over to the people of Israel.
6. Upon returning to his home, Jephthah’s daughter came out to meet him with tambourines and dance.
7. Jephthah became very low for she was his only child.
8. His daughter only asked for two months to weep with her friends.
9. At the end of two months, Jephthah did with her according to his vow with the Lord.

CHAPTER 12: Ephraimites object being left out of conflict again
1. Shibboleth is a difficult word to pronounce and it was used to test the Ephraimites to see if they were opponents; 42,000 failed the test at the fords of the Jordan.
2. Jephthah judged Israel 6 years, then he died and was buried in Gilead.
3. Later, Iban ruled for 7 years, Elon ruled for 10 years, and Abdon ruled for 8 years.

CHAPTER 13: Birth of Samson
1. But, the people of Israel again did evil in the sight of the Lord, so he gave them into the hands of the Philistines for 40 years.
2. Manoah’s wife was barren and she was visited by the angel of the Lord who told her she was to have a son that would begin to save Israel from the Philistines; she was to drink no wine or strong drink and eat only clean food.
3. No razor was to come upon his head; he was a Nazirite to God.
4. The angel of the Lord returned later upon the request of Manoah and his wife; he restated what he told Manoah’s wife and he indicated to them to prepare a burnt offering to the Lord.
5. The angel of the Lord went up in the flame of the altar; they saw him no more.
6. Their son was named Sampson when he was born; the Lord blessed him and the Spirit of the Lord began to stir him.

NOTE: After studying 20% of the Bible to this point, it appears that walking through the complete Bible from cover to cover provides a comprehensive understanding of God’s plan that is not readily available from random studies of separate books.