Week #28; Wed, Jul 11: Dt. 21:1–27:26
Our reading or the Pentateuch, the five books of Moses, will be completed by the end of July. We will be well equipped to address the remaining 61 books of God’s word and see how God’s hand continues to move us, even today and in days to come.
DEUTERONOMY 21: Atonement for Unsolved Murders
1. A very deliberate plan is laid out to atone for the shedding of innocent blood with the sacrifice of a heifer.
2. Marrying female captives also required a very deliberate plan with conditions to be met.
3. The rights of the firstborn are spelled out for a man that has two wives.
4. A rebellious son risks being stoned by the elders of the city to purge evil from their midst.
DEUTERONOMY 22: Various Laws
1. A loose ox or sheep (or any lost thing of a brother) shall not be ignored, but returned.
2. Apparel for men and women must not be interchanged, it is an abomination to the Lord God.
3. Care for birds and their nests must be done in a special way.
4. Construction of houses, sowing a vineyard, plowing a field, and making cloth for garments are to be performed observing specific practices.
5. Sexual immorality resulted in specific remedies for both the man and woman, involving parents and the elders of the city; stoning could result.
DEUTERONOMY 23: Exclusion from the Assembly
1. Those excluded from the assembly of the Lord must have failed tests otherwise met by those allowed into the assembly.
2. Uncleanness from evil must be kept.
3. Failing to remain clean resulted in being denied entry into the camp until purified with water.
4. The grounds of the camp must be kept clean of excrement or anything indecent.
5. Other specific laws must be observed (i.e., slaves, prostitution, charging interest on loans, vows, property of a neighbor).
DEUTERONOMY 24: Laws Concerning Divorce
1. A certificate of divorce must be written and delivered under several conditions.
2. Miscellaneous laws involved serving in the army when newly married, pledges, stealing, diseases, oppression of a hired servant that is poor and needy.
3. Death for sin is limited to one’s own sins, not those of other generations.
4. Justice shall not be perverted.
5. Sojourners, the fatherless, and the widow are to be allowed to glean the remains of a harvest.
DEUTERONOMY 25: Disputes
1. Forty stripes is the limit for disputes between men coming to court when one is guilty.
2. Do not muzzle an ox when it is treading out the grain.
3. Marriage for the levirate requires the wife of the dead man to marry the brother that has no son to perpetuate his brother’s name.
4. Conditions met while men are fighting may result in a sentence for a wife.
5. Weights and measures must be fair.
DEUTERONOMY 26: Offerings of First fruits and Tithes
1. First fruits are to be laid before the altar of the Lord God in gratitude for the Lord God taking His children out of bondage in Egypt and taking them to the land of milk and honey.
2. Tithes in the year of tithing (the third year), are to be set aside as a sacred portion for the Lord God.
3. Thus the Lord God declared you are a people for his treasured possession, and you are to keep all his commandments.
4. You will be a people holy to the Lord God as He promised.
DEUTERONOMY 27: The Altar on Mount Ebal
1. Moses and the elders of Israel commanded the people, saying, “Keep the whole commandment that I command you today. And on the day you cross over the Jordan to the land that the Lord your God is giving you, you shall set up large stones and plaster them with plaster. And you shall write on them all the words of the law, when you cross over to enter the land that the Lord you God is giving you.
2. The stones shall be placed on Mount Ebal, as an altar for burnt offerings to the Lord God.
3. Blessings flowed from Mount Gerizim by elders: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin.
4. Curses flowed from Mount Ebal by elders: Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali.
5. Curses came for: carved images, dishonoring father and mother, moving a neighbor’s landmark, misleading the blind, perverting justice, adultery, defiling one’s self with an animal, murder, bribery, failure to confirming the words of the law by not doing them.