Week #27; Wed, Jul 04: Dt. 13:1–20:20
Chapter 19, along with Acts 17:26-27 and Romans 13, says a lot about how we should treat borders and boundaries. They are set by the Lord, not us; we are the caretakers.
DEUTERONOMY 13: Warning Against Idolatry
1. As a test to know whether the people of Israel love the Lord their God with all their heart and with all their soul, He may send a prophet or a dreamer of dreams giving signs to follow other gods.
2. These dreamers were to be put to death, because they have taught rebellion against the Lord (including family).
3. The Lord may turn from the fierceness of His anger and show mercy if the people obey the voice of the Lord, keeping all the commandments and doing what is right in the sight of the Lord your God.
DEUTERONOMY 14: Clean and Unclean Food
1. The Lord has chosen the people out of all the peoples of the earth to be a treasured possession.
2. They shall not cut themselves or make any baldness on their foreheads for the dead.
3. The people were cautioned not to eat any abominable animals as listed (note the relationship to the cud and the hoofs, the fins and scales, and listed birds).
4. Caution is given not to boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.
5. Peter’s dream of a sheet with animals gives relief from these rules in Acts 10:28)
6. Tithes shall be given for the works of the hand or with a monetary equivalent. Matthew 23:23 pertains to tithing in the New Testament and is based on the Old Testament Law.
DEUTERONOMY 15: The Sabbatical Year
1. Every creditor shall release what he has lent to his neighbor (except for the sojourner) every seventh year).
2. There should be no poor among you (verse 4).
3. You shall lend to many nations, but you shall not borrow.
4. You shall give to the poor freely, and your heart shall not be grudging when you give to him.
5. A Hebrew brother or sister that becomes poor shall be supplied freely and may serve another Hebrew until the seventh year.
6. The firstborn (without blemish) of all the flocks are to be dedicated to the Lord (note how blood should be poured out on the ground.)
DEUTERONOMY 16: Passover
1. In addition to observing the Passover to remember being taken out of bondage in Egypt, a sacrifice from the herd will be offered to the Lord.
2. Unleavened bread shall be eaten with it at the time and place prescribed by the Lord.
3. Seven days of the Passover are to be observed while doing no work.
4. The Feast of Weeks is to be observed after seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain.
5. The Feast of Booths is to be observed for seven days after gathering the produce from the threshing floor and the winepress.
6. Justice will be performed by judges and officers in all towns that the Lord has given.
7. No partiality or bribes are permitted.
8. Worship that is prescribed by God will not be perverted (i.e., pillars).
DEUTERONOMY 17: Legal Decisions by Judges and Kings
1. Sacrifices will be without blemish.
2. Stoning to death will be the sentence for the man or woman that has served other gods and worshiped them.
3. Two or more witnesses are required for stoning.
4. Evil is to be purged from the midst of the people.
5. Difficult legal decisions are to be rendered by the priests.
6. The verdict of the priest shall be followed.
7. Israel’s kings must be appointed from within the people only.
8. Israel shall not return to Egypt again.
9. The king shall read from the book of laws daily and ensure that the laws are followed.
DEUTERONOMY 18: Provision for Priests and Levites
1. No provisions shall be made for the Levitical priests (i.e., no inheritance).
2. They shall subsist from the people’s offerings to the Lord.
3. The priests are to stand and minister in the name of the Lord for all time.
4. No abominable practices (i.e., sacrificing children, divination, telling fortunes, interpreting omens, sorcerers, charmers, mediums, necromancers, inquiring of the dead, etc.).
5. A new prophet, like Moses will be raised up (John 1:21, 25 pertains).
DEUTERONOMY 19: Laws Concerning Cities of Refuge
1. Three cities shall be set apart so that any manslayer can flee to them.
2. Cities may be expanded to six cities when all the land is taken that was promised to the fathers.
3. If the manslayer kills accidentally, he may stay in the city; however, if the manslayer killed intentionally, that person must be turned over to the avenger of blood, so that he may die.
4. Property boundaries set by the men of old must not be moved.
DEUTERONOMY 20: Laws Concerning Warfare
1. Warfare is to be preceded by the priest to encourage the soldiers not to be afraid as the Lord God goes with you (exceptions were made for building a new house, tending a new vineyard, betrothed to a new wife, fearful/fainthearted, etc.).
2. Conditions existed for the level of destruction for the enemies.
3. All abominable practices of the enemy were to be destroyed.