Week #27; Wed, 7/04/18: Dt. 13–20

Week #27; Wed, Jul 04: Dt. 13:1–20:20

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
Chapter 19, along with Acts 17:26-27 and Romans 13, says a lot about how we should treat borders and boundaries. They are set by the Lord, not us; we are the caretakers.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

DEUTERONOMY 13: Warning Against Idolatry
1. As a test to know whether the people of Israel love the Lord their God with all their heart and with all their soul, He may send a prophet or a dreamer of dreams giving signs to follow other gods.
2. These dreamers were to be put to death, because they have taught rebellion against the Lord (including family).
3. The Lord may turn from the fierceness of His anger and show mercy if the people obey the voice of the Lord, keeping all the commandments and doing what is right in the sight of the Lord your God.

DEUTERONOMY 14: Clean and Unclean Food
1. The Lord has chosen the people out of all the peoples of the earth to be a treasured possession.
2. They shall not cut themselves or make any baldness on their foreheads for the dead.
3. The people were cautioned not to eat any abominable animals as listed (note the relationship to the cud and the hoofs, the fins and scales, and listed birds).
4. Caution is given not to boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.
5. Peter’s dream of a sheet with animals gives relief from these rules in Acts 10:28)
6. Tithes shall be given for the works of the hand or with a monetary equivalent. Matthew 23:23 pertains to tithing in the New Testament and is based on the Old Testament Law.

DEUTERONOMY 15: The Sabbatical Year
1. Every creditor shall release what he has lent to his neighbor (except for the sojourner) every seventh year).
2. There should be no poor among you (verse 4).
3. You shall lend to many nations, but you shall not borrow.
4. You shall give to the poor freely, and your heart shall not be grudging when you give to him.
5. A Hebrew brother or sister that becomes poor shall be supplied freely and may serve another Hebrew until the seventh year.
6. The firstborn (without blemish) of all the flocks are to be dedicated to the Lord (note how blood should be poured out on the ground.)

DEUTERONOMY 16: Passover
1. In addition to observing the Passover to remember being taken out of bondage in Egypt, a sacrifice from the herd will be offered to the Lord.
2. Unleavened bread shall be eaten with it at the time and place prescribed by the Lord.
3. Seven days of the Passover are to be observed while doing no work.
4. The Feast of Weeks is to be observed after seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain.
5. The Feast of Booths is to be observed for seven days after gathering the produce from the threshing floor and the winepress.
6. Justice will be performed by judges and officers in all towns that the Lord has given.
7. No partiality or bribes are permitted.
8. Worship that is prescribed by God will not be perverted (i.e., pillars).

DEUTERONOMY 17: Legal Decisions by Judges and Kings
1. Sacrifices will be without blemish.
2. Stoning to death will be the sentence for the man or woman that has served other gods and worshiped them.
3. Two or more witnesses are required for stoning.
4. Evil is to be purged from the midst of the people.
5. Difficult legal decisions are to be rendered by the priests.
6. The verdict of the priest shall be followed.
7. Israel’s kings must be appointed from within the people only.
8. Israel shall not return to Egypt again.
9. The king shall read from the book of laws daily and ensure that the laws are followed.

DEUTERONOMY 18: Provision for Priests and Levites
1. No provisions shall be made for the Levitical priests (i.e., no inheritance).
2. They shall subsist from the people’s offerings to the Lord.
3. The priests are to stand and minister in the name of the Lord for all time.
4. No abominable practices (i.e., sacrificing children, divination, telling fortunes, interpreting omens, sorcerers, charmers, mediums, necromancers, inquiring of the dead, etc.).
5. A new prophet, like Moses will be raised up (John 1:21, 25 pertains).

DEUTERONOMY 19: Laws Concerning Cities of Refuge
1. Three cities shall be set apart so that any manslayer can flee to them.
2. Cities may be expanded to six cities when all the land is taken that was promised to the fathers.
3. If the manslayer kills accidentally, he may stay in the city; however, if the manslayer killed intentionally, that person must be turned over to the avenger of blood, so that he may die.
4. Property boundaries set by the men of old must not be moved.

DEUTERONOMY 20: Laws Concerning Warfare
1. Warfare is to be preceded by the priest to encourage the soldiers not to be afraid as the Lord God goes with you (exceptions were made for building a new house, tending a new vineyard, betrothed to a new wife, fearful/fainthearted, etc.).
2. Conditions existed for the level of destruction for the enemies.
3. All abominable practices of the enemy were to be destroyed.

Week #28; Wed, 7/11/18: Dt. 21–27

Week #28; Wed, Jul 11: Dt. 21:1–27:26

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
Our reading or the Pentateuch, the five books of Moses, will be completed by the end of July. We will be well equipped to address the remaining 61 books of God’s word and see how God’s hand continues to move us, even today and in days to come.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

DEUTERONOMY 21: Atonement for Unsolved Murders
1. A very deliberate plan is laid out to atone for the shedding of innocent blood with the sacrifice of a heifer.
2. Marrying female captives also required a very deliberate plan with conditions to be met.
3. The rights of the firstborn are spelled out for a man that has two wives.
4. A rebellious son risks being stoned by the elders of the city to purge evil from their midst.

DEUTERONOMY 22: Various Laws
1. A loose ox or sheep (or any lost thing of a brother) shall not be ignored, but returned.
2. Apparel for men and women must not be interchanged, it is an abomination to the Lord God.
3. Care for birds and their nests must be done in a special way.
4. Construction of houses, sowing a vineyard, plowing a field, and making cloth for garments are to be performed observing specific practices.
5. Sexual immorality resulted in specific remedies for both the man and woman, involving parents and the elders of the city; stoning could result.

DEUTERONOMY 23: Exclusion from the Assembly
1. Those excluded from the assembly of the Lord must have failed tests otherwise met by those allowed into the assembly.
2. Uncleanness from evil must be kept.
3. Failing to remain clean resulted in being denied entry into the camp until purified with water.
4. The grounds of the camp must be kept clean of excrement or anything indecent.
5. Other specific laws must be observed (i.e., slaves, prostitution, charging interest on loans, vows, property of a neighbor).

DEUTERONOMY 24: Laws Concerning Divorce
1. A certificate of divorce must be written and delivered under several conditions.
2. Miscellaneous laws involved serving in the army when newly married, pledges, stealing, diseases, oppression of a hired servant that is poor and needy.
3. Death for sin is limited to one’s own sins, not those of other generations.
4. Justice shall not be perverted.
5. Sojourners, the fatherless, and the widow are to be allowed to glean the remains of a harvest.

DEUTERONOMY 25: Disputes
1. Forty stripes is the limit for disputes between men coming to court when one is guilty.
2. Do not muzzle an ox when it is treading out the grain.
3. Marriage for the levirate requires the wife of the dead man to marry the brother that has no son to perpetuate his brother’s name.
4. Conditions met while men are fighting may result in a sentence for a wife.
5. Weights and measures must be fair.

DEUTERONOMY 26: Offerings of First fruits and Tithes
1. First fruits are to be laid before the altar of the Lord God in gratitude for the Lord God taking His children out of bondage in Egypt and taking them to the land of milk and honey.
2. Tithes in the year of tithing (the third year), are to be set aside as a sacred portion for the Lord God.
3. Thus the Lord God declared you are a people for his treasured possession, and you are to keep all his commandments.
4. You will be a people holy to the Lord God as He promised.

DEUTERONOMY 27: The Altar on Mount Ebal
1. Moses and the elders of Israel commanded the people, saying, “Keep the whole commandment that I command you today. And on the day you cross over the Jordan to the land that the Lord your God is giving you, you shall set up large stones and plaster them with plaster. And you shall write on them all the words of the law, when you cross over to enter the land that the Lord you God is giving you.
2. The stones shall be placed on Mount Ebal, as an altar for burnt offerings to the Lord God.
3. Blessings flowed from Mount Gerizim by elders: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin.
4. Curses flowed from Mount Ebal by elders: Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali.
5. Curses came for: carved images, dishonoring father and mother, moving a neighbor’s landmark, misleading the blind, perverting justice, adultery, defiling one’s self with an animal, murder, bribery, failure to confirming the words of the law by not doing them.

Week #29; Wed, 7/18/18: Dt. 28–32

Week #29; Wed, Jul 18: Dt. 28:1–32:52

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
Our reading of the Pentateuch, the five books of Moses, will be completed by the end of July. This 17 percent of God’s Word lays a solid foundation to build on as we continue.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

DEUTERONOMY 28: Blessings for Obedience
1. If the voice of the Lord God is faithfully obeyed, being careful to do all his commandments, the Lord will set his people high above all the nations of the earth.
2. Blessings will be delivered when coming in and going out.
3. The Lord will cause your enemies who rise against you to be defeated before you.
4. The Lord will open to you his good treasury, the heavens, to give the rain to your land in its season and to bless all the work of your hand.
5. You shall lend to many nations, but you shall not borrow.
6. Do not go after any other gods.
7. Disobedience brings curses of confusion and frustration until siege and destruction is complete.
8. Much grief will be experienced under siege.

DEUTERONOMY 29: Renewed Covenant in Moab
1. In addition to the Lord’s covenant given at Horeb, the Lord commanded Moses to exclaim how he has not given his people a heart to understand, eyes to see, or ears to hear even after being led for 40 years in the wilderness where miracle after miracle was delivered.
2. The Lord exclaimed to Moses how his people are to keep the words of his covenant and do them, that they may prosper in all that they do.
3. The covenants are not just for his people alone, but with whoever is standing there with them that day and whoever is not with them that day (i.e., everyone).
4. A warning was given against turning away from the Lord God to go serve the gods of other nations, else the Lord will blot out his name from under heaven (the Lamb’s Book of Life pertains).
5. Sodom and Gomorrah pertains (see: blog posting of April 15 above for link to one of four videos)

DEUTERONOMY 30: Repentance and Forgiveness
1. If his people will return to the Lord God and obey his voice, he will restore your fortunes and have compassion on them.
2. He will gather them again from where he has scattered them.
3. He will put all the curses on their foes and enemies that persecuted them.
4. Note how the phrase “when YOU turn” reflects a personal decision. We are to choose.

DEUTERONOMY 31: Joshua to Succeed Moses
1. Moses was 120 years old when he was denied going over the Jordan to enter the land.
2. The Lord promised that he himself will go over the Jordan before his people.
3. He will destroy those nations so the people could dispossess them.
4. Joshua will go over as head of the people.
5. At the end of every seven years, at the set time in the year of release, at the Feast of Booths, when all Israel comes to appear before the Lord your God at the place that he will choose, you shall read this law before all Israel in the hearing.
6. Strong warning indicating the Lord’s anger will be kindled against the people for turning away from him once they cross over the Jordan.
7. The Book of Law was to be put into the Ark of the Covenant.

DEUTERONOMY 32: The Song of Moses
1. Moses said, “Let the earth hear the words of my mouth.”
2. As 29:3 above reveals, the Book of Law applied to all people.
3. Moses was denied crossing the Jordan, “because you broke faith with me in the midst of the people of Israel at the waters of Meribah-kadesh, in the wilderness of Zin, and because you did not treat me as holy in the midst of the people of Israel.”

Week #30; Wed, 7/25/18: Dt. 33-Jos. 6

Week #30; Wed, Jul 25, 2018: Dt. 33–Josh. 6

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS:
Congratulations on our complete reading of the Pentateuch this week, approximately one-fifth of God’s Word. I find that even before Moses completed the first five books of the Bible prophetic talk of siege predicts disobedience and the consequences that are documented in the books that follow.

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

DEUTERONOMY 33: Moses’ Final Blessing on Israel
1. Before his death, Moses blessed all twelve tribes of Israel and the Lord showed him all the land that was sworn to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob and their offspring.
2. The Lord said, “You shall not go over there.”

DEUTERONOMY 34: The Death of Moses
1. Moses died in the land of Moab opposite Beth-peor.
2. Moses was 120 years old.
3. Moses’ eye was undimmed and his vigor unabated.
4. The people of Israel wept for him for 30 days.
5. Joshua led the people from there for Moses had laid his hand on him at the word of God.

JOSHUA 1: God Commissions Joshua
1. The Lord said to Joshua, “Arise, go over this Jordan, you and all this people, into the land that I am giving to them, to the people of Israel.”
2. The land from Lebanon, the wilderness, the river Euphrates, the Great Sea (Mediterranean), to the going down of the sun (Egypt) will be included, just as promised to Moses.
3. No man shall be able to stand before Joshua.
4. The Lord said, “Just as I was with Moses, I will be with you.”
5. Joshua assumed command of Israel.
6. The Lord said, “Within three days, you are to pass over the Jordan.”
7. The Reubenites, Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh were to leave families and livestock remained in the land east of the Jordan; the men were to pass over armed and help their brothers.
8. Those men could return to the east of the Jordan to take possession of the land Moses gave them.
9. Any who would disobey would be put to death.

JOSHUA 2: Rahab Hides the Spies
1. Rahab hid two spies sent by Joshua to spy out the land, especially Jericho.
2. Rahab requested that the two spies promise to spare her family from the pending battle for Jericho.
3. She tied a scarlet cord in her window that was part of the wall of the city to identify the location of her family during the battle for the city.
4. The two spies returned to Joshua to report what they had seen and about their oath to Rahab.

JOSHUA 3: Israel Crosses the Jordan
1. Joshua led Israel to the Jordan where they lodged for three days before crossing over.
2. The people were to follow the ark of the covenant of the Lord carried by the Levite priests.
3. A separation of 2,000 cubits must be maintained between the people and the ark of the covenant at all times.
4. Upon coming to the brink of the waters of the Jordan, the waters were cut off at Adam (about 25 miles upstream from the crossing site due to the large size of the body of Israel).
5. The people of Israel crossed over the Jordan near the ark of the covenant and 1 man was selected from the 12 tribes.
6. The priests bearing the ark of the covenant of the Lord stood firmly on dry ground amid the Jordan (which was at full overflowing during harvest time), and Israel passed over on dry ground as was done at the Red Sea.

JOSHUA 4: Twelve Memorial Stones from the Jordan
1. The twelve appointed men with the priests were told to select from the dry riverbed one stone each and take it before the ark of the covenant.
2. Joshua said, “These stones shall be to the people of Israel a memorial forever” to mark the location where the waters of the Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant.
3. When the people finished passing over, the ark of the covenant and the priests passed over.
4. The people were in awe of Joshua just as they were in awe of Moses.
5. When the soles of the priests’ feet (who were bearing the ark of the covenant) reached beyond the Jordan riverbed, the waters of the Jordan returned to their place as before.
6. The people encamped at Gilgal on the tenth day on the east border of Jericho and set up the twelve stones which they took out of the Jordan as a memorial for their children.
7. Also, the stone memorial marked for all the peoples of the earth that they may know that the hand of the Lord is mighty, that you may fear the Lord your God forever.

JOSHUA 5: Circumcision of the New Generation
1. A second circumcision of the sons of Israel took place a Gibeathhaaraloth (Gilgal).
2. Since all the males who came out of Egypt died in the wilderness, none of those born along the way were circumcised at Gilgal.
3. The Passover was observed on the plains of Jericho on the fourteenth day.
4. The manna ceased the day after the people ate the produce of the land.
5. The commander of the army of the Lord (Jesus?) appeared to Joshua saying, “Take off your sandals from your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy.” (Joshua complied.)

JOSHUA 6: Jericho Falls
1. Joshua, the men of war, seven priests with trumpets and the ark of the covenant marched around the city seven days and the walls of the city fell “flat” at great shouts and trumpets.
2. Rahab and her family were spared (the scarlet cord was their signal for protection).
3. Gold, silver, bronze, and iron went into the treasury of the Lord.