Week #18; Wed, 5/02/18: Lev. 24–Num. 1

Week #18; Wed, May 02: Lev. 24:1–Num. 1:54

CHAPTER 24–From evening to morning the lamp stand of pure gold will be kept burning with pure oil from beaten olives before the Lord. Bread in two piles of six loafs are to be set on the table of pure gold before the Lord for Aaron and his sons. Whoever blasphemes the Name shall be stoned to death. An eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth, applied to the Israelite as well as a sojourner.

CHAPTER 25–The land is to be rested in the seventh year (the Sabbath Year). The Year of Jubilee was observed every 50th year where liberty was proclaimed throughout the land to all its inhabitants where property was returned to each. The poor were provided support as though he were a stranger and a sojourner and taken in to live not as a slave but a hired servant until the year of jubilee.

CHAPTER 26–A promise of blessing is due when the Lord’s statutes and commandments are observed and done, rains will be provided in their season, the land shall yield its increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit. Enemies will fall and wild animals will not molest and the Lord will live among His people. But failure to obey and observe will result in a wide array of punishment to include being scattered among the nations making the cities desolate. But if they turn and obey His statutes, the Lord will keep His covenants that He made to their ancestors on Mount Sinai.

CHAPTER 27–Vows had their own set of laws which included the valuation of persons (Over 60? Note that your value drops). Things devoted to the Lord cannot be sold.

NUMBERS 1–The census of Israel’s warriors results in totals for each of the 12 tribes that exceed 603,550 overall.

Week #19; Wed, 5/09/18: Num. 2–6

Week #19; Wed, May 09: Num. 2:1–6:27

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

CHAPTER 2–The layout of the camp is given in detail with all companies facing the tent of meeting in strict order by compass direction with three companies on each side. It appears that the order of the camp facilitated moving into march formation when it became time to move (Judah, Ruben, Ephraim, and Dan with the Levites in the midst of the camps of companies and in the order of march). 603,550 fighting men were in the camp; the Levites were not included in the count.

CHAPTER 3–The sons of Aaron included Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. the ordained priests. Nadab and Abihu died before the Lord when they offered unauthorized fire before the Lord. The priestly duties of Eleazar and Ithamar were extensive including ministering at the tabernacle and guarding the camp. The Lord declared that the Levites are His along with all the firstborn. The Levites numbered 22,000 males from a month old and upward; the firstborn numbered 22,273.

CHAPTER 4–The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath, Merari. Touching holy things of the tabernacle was sure death for those not authorized to handle them. Duties were assigned to specific clans for specific furnishing and materials. With these specific assignments, the movement of the tent of meeting and tabernacle could occur promptly as needed as the Lord commanded Moses.

CHAPTER 5–Provisions were made for unclean people with a leprous disease or discharge, including those becoming unclean through contact with the dead. Both male and female were put outside the camp so as to not defile the camp. Sins must be confessed and full restitution was required plus one fifth for breaking faith with the Lord. A test for adultery with the “water of bitterness and a curse” was performed by the priest when suspected. A man would be free from iniquity; however, a woman was not.

CHAPTER 6–Nazirites who vowed to separate themselves to the Lord also separated themselves from wine and strong drink; nothing from the grapevine, not even the seeds or the skin. Also, he shall let the hair on the head grow long. He is holy to the Lord. If he becomes defiled, a sin offering, burnt offering, and a guilt offering is required. At his consecration additional offerings are made at the tent of meeting and his head is shaved. Note the special blessing on Aaron that is familiar to many of us today.

NOTE: Here is a YouTube link from A.D. – Archaeology Discovered with Kevin Fisher (ARoadAwakening) that contains all four videos related to material we have covered thus far on Sodom and Gomorrah (with drone footage), Noah’s Ark (Turkish Park site), Red Sea Crossing (materials on the bottom), and the Ark of the Covenant (garden tomb site): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7nFq6PCmj24

Week #20; Wed, 5/16/18: Num. 7–11

Week #20; Wed, May 16: Num. 7:1–11:35

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

CHAPTER 7: Following the setting of the tabernacle by Moses, 12 days of offerings were made by the chiefs of the tribes of Israel for it’s consecration. The altar was anointed and dedicated with offerings from the chiefs of Israel as well.
CHAPTER 8: The Lord also spoke to Moses to have Aaron set up the seven lamps in front of the lampstands. Additionally, the Lord spoke to Moses instructing him on the cleansing of the Levites for service to the Lord; offerings were made and they were separated for service to the Lord at the tent of meeting. The Levites were wholly given to the Lord by the people of Israel instead of the firstborn of both man and beast as in Egypt. The Levites served from age 25 to 50 and no more; beyond that, they were considered retired.
CHAPTER 9: The Lord spoke to Moses to have the Passover observed at its appointed time. The cloud covered the tabernacle by day and appeared as fire by night. When the cloud moved, it was a sign for the people of Israel to break camp and move to where the cloud settled down. The time between movements varied form days to months. This way, the Lord led the people of Israel through the wilderness.
CHAPTER 10: Two silver trumpets were made for summoning the congregation and for breaking camp. These horns were used for gathering and alarms. They also signaled the tribes to set out by stages in the prescribed order of movement and when offerings were presented to the Lord. Two years and two months elapsed before the people of Israel were led by the Lord out of Sinai.

Note that Moses said to Hobab the son of Reuel, the MIDIANITE, Moses father-in-law, to come with the people of Israel to the place the Lord said, “I will give you.” That tells me that they were in the Saini of Arabia, beyond the Red Sea at that time at the mount of the Lord.

CHAPTER 11: The Lord heard the people complaining about manna and a craving for meat. Fire of the Lord burned among them. The Lord also heard Moses complaining about having too much to do so He appointed 70 elders to help Moses. The Lord provided meat to the people for 30 days until it came out of their nostrils and became loathsome to them because they rejected the Lord by saying, “Why did we come out of Egypt?” The Lord sent quail two cubits deep in the camp; those that had the craving were struck down while the meat was still between their teeth.

Week #21; Wed, 5/23/18: Num. 12–17

Week #21; Wed, May 23: Num. 12:1–17:13

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

NUMBERS 12:

Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses and it kindled the Lord’s anger against them. Miriam became leprous and Moses pleaded with the Lord to heal her. The Lord required Miriam to be set outside the camp for seven days and then be allowed to return.

NUMBERS 13

The Lord told Moses to send men from each tribe to spy out the land of Canaan. All of the men were heads of the people of Israel. Moses wanted them to report on the strength of the people, the number of the people, the quality of the agricultural land (good or bad), the living conditions (cities or camps). When they returned, they brought back grapes, pomegranates and figs and stated that it flows with milk and honey. However, they reported that the people who dwell in the land are strong, and the cities are fortified and very large. But Caleb stated, “Let us go up at once and occupy it, for we are well able to overcome it.” The men that went up with Caleb disagreed, saying, “We are not able to go up against the people, for they are stronger than we are.”

NUMBERS 14

The people begin to rebel and grumble against Moses and Aaron saying, they preferred to go back to Egypt under new leadership. Joshua intervened restating that the land is an exceedingly good land and with the Lord, the land could be taken. The Glory of the Lord prevented them from being stoned. The Lord threatened to destroy them but Moses intercedes for the people. He spoke to the Lord in a convincing manner to pardon the iniquity of the people through His steadfast love. The Lord agrees but promises judgment; the rebels will not go over into the land. Because Caleb has a different spirit and followed the Lord fully, he and his descendants will go into the land and possess it. But all of those numbered in the census shall not come into the land, they will fall in the wilderness. Apparently, this accounts for the 40 years it took for all of the rebels to fall in the wilderness. The men who brought a bad report about the land died by plague before the Lord. The people reasoned it best that they enter the land on their own to take it, but Moses warned them that the Lord is not with you because you have turned back from following the Lord and he cautioned against invading the land. The rebels suffered a major defeat.

NUMBERS 15

Sacrifices were specified by the Lord when the people were to come into the land; they were governed by an intricate set of laws for the people and the sojourners with the people. Laws about unintentional sins were published about a sin attributed to a mistake; those breaking this law were to be cut off from the people unless atoned by sacrifice. However, when a breaker of the Sabbath laws was discovered, he was executed as instructed by the Lord to Moses. The Lord also told Moses to inform the people to make blue tassels for their garments to “remind them to remember (and do) the commandments, not to follow after your own heart and your own eyes, which they inclined to whore after.”

NUMBERS 16

Korah and a band of men of 250 (chiefs of the congregation, not descendants of Aaron) rose up against Moses for exalting themselves above the assembly of the Lord. But, the Lord destroyed the rebels by fire and their families were swallowed in the ground under them in a split that opened up and closed over them taking them down alive into Sheol. More rebellion followed and the Lord brought on a plague that destroyed an additional 14,700 of the people.

NUMBERS 17

The Lord spoke to Moses saying have the people bring the staff of each of the father’s house of the twelve tribes and place them in the tent of meeting to allow for the choosing of the one to stop the grumblings. Aaron’s staff from the house of Levi was chosen for it had budded. It was to be be put back in the tent of testimony to be kept as a sign for the rebels, that they may make an end of their grumblings against the Lord lest they die.

Week #22; Wed, 5/30/18: Num. 18–23

Week #22; Wed, May 30: Num. 18:1–23:30

CHAPTER OBSERVATIONS:

NUMBERS 18: DUTIES OF PRIESTS AND LEVITES

1. AARON AND HIS SONS ALONG WITH THE TRIBE OF LEVI WERE TO MINISTER BEFORE THE TENT OF TESTIMONY, THE TENT OF MEETING, AND GUARD THE PRIESTHOOD

2. THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE GIFTS AND OFFERINGS WERE GIVEN TO AARON, HIS SONS, AND THE LEVITES AS A PERPETUAL DUE SINCE THEY DID NOT HAVE A LAND ASSIGNED TO THEM AS AN INHERITANCE; IT WAS A REWARD IN RETURN FOR SERVICE IN THE TENT OF MEETING.

3. SELECT ANIMALS WERE SACRIFICED AS A FOOD OFFERING WITH A PLEASING AROMA TO THE LORD; THEIR BLOOD WAS SPRINKLED ON THE ALTAR. THE MEAT WAS RESERVED FOR THE PRIESTS.

4. THE TITHE OF THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL PRESENTED TO THE LORD WAS GIVEN TO THE LEVITES FOR AN INHERITANCE.

NUMBERS 19: LAWS OF PURIFICATION

1. RED HEIFERS WITHOUT BLEMISH AND NEVER UNDER A YOKE WERE SLAUGHTERED AS A SACRIFICE

2. TOUCHING A DEAD BODY RESULTED IN BEING UNCLEAN; THE WATER FOR IMPURITY MUST BE THROWN ON THAT PERSON.

3. WHEN A PERSON DIES IN A TENT, SPECIFIC ACTION WAS NECESSARY TO OVERCOME UNCLEANLINESS.

NUMBERS 20: DEATH OF MIRIAM

1. MIRIAM DIED IN KADESH AND WAS BURIED THERE IN THE WILDERNESS OF ZIN

2. THE WATERS OF MERIBAH RESULTED FROM THE GURMBLINGS OF THE PEOPLE FOR THE LACK OF WATER.

3. MOSES AND AARON APPEARED BEFORE THE GLORY OF THE LORD AND RECEIVED A COMMAND TO STRIKE THE ROCK OF MERIBAH WITH MOSES’ STAFF RESULTING IN WATER FOR THE PEOPLE AND THEIR LIVESTOCK

4. SINCE MOSES AND AARON DID NOT GIVE THE LORD THE HONOR DUE FOR THE WATER, THEY WERE DENIED PERMISSION TO ENTER INTO THE PROMISED LAND.

5. EDOM REFUSED PASSAGE TO THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL TO PASS THROUGH ON THEIR WAY TO THE PROMISED LAND.

6. AARON DIED ON MOUNT HOR ON THE BORDER OF THE LAND OF EDOM; HE NEVER MADE IT TO THE PROMISED LAND AND HIS SON, ELEAZAR WAS APPOINTED TO TAKE AARON’S POSITION.

NUMBERS 21: ARAD DESTROYED

1. WHEN THE CANAANITE KING FOUGHT AGAINST ISRAEL THE LORD DEVOTED THEM AND THEIR CITIES TO DESTRUCTION.

2. WHILE GOING AROUND EDOM, THE PEOPLE BECAME IMPATIENT AND AGAIN THEY SPOKE AGAINST GOD AND MOSES.

3. THEN THE LORD SENT FIERY SERPENTS AMONG THE PEOPLE AND SOME WERE BITTEN AND DIED.

4. SO MOSES PRAYED FOR THE PEOPLE AND THE LORD SAID TO MOSES, “MAKE A FIREY SERPENT AND SET IT ON A POLE.” WHEN A PERSON WHO IS BITTEN SEES IT, THEY WILL LIVE.

5. AGAIN WATER WAS PROVIDED TO THE PEOPLE FROM A WELL AT BEER IN THE WILDERNESS.

6. SIHON, KING OF THE AMORITES, REFUSED PASSAGE TO THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL AND HE WENT OUT AGAINST ISRAEL AND FOUGHT THEM, BUT THE AMORITES WERE DEFEATED.

7. KING OG OF BASHAN WAS LIKEWISE DEFEATED WHEN HE CAME OUT AGAINST THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL.

NUMBERS 22: BALAK SUMMONS BALAAM

1. FEES FOR DIVATION WERE PAID TO BALAAM BY BALAK FOR SUPPORT IN BATTLE WITH THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL.

2. GOD TOLD BALAAM NOT TO SUPPORT BALAK.

3. BUT, A SECOND REQUEST FOR SUPPORT WAS APPROVED BY GOD TO BALAAM.

4. THE ANGER OF GOD WAS KINDLED AGAINST BALAAM BECAUSE HE WENT WITH THE PRINCES OF BALAK/MOAB.

5. THE ANGEL OF THE LORD TOOK HIS STAND WITH DRAWN SWORD IN THE WAY OF BALAAM.

6. BALAAM’S DONKEY SAW THE ANGEL FIRST AND STOPPED. BALAAM’S DONKEY SPOKE TO HIM AND BALAAM FINALLY SAW THE ANGEL.

7. THE ANGEL COMMANDED BALAAM TO ONLY SPEAK WHAT HE WAS TOLD.

NUMBERS 23: BALAAM’S ORACLES

1. BALAAM TOLD BALAK TO BUILD SEVEN ALTARS AND PREPARE SEVEN BULLS AND RAMS FOR A BURNT OFFERING.

2. GOD MET BALAAM AND TOLD HIM TO RETURN TO BALAK AND INSTRUCTED HIM ON WHAT TO SPEAK

3. BALAAM WAS NOT TO SUPPORT BALAK BY CURSING ISRAEL.

4. BALAK PERSISTED, SEEKING BALAAM TO COME WITH HIM TO A SECOND PLACE TO CURSE ISRAEL THERE.

5. THE MESSAGE FROM BALAAM TO BALAK WAS THE SAME; HE WAS INSTRUCTED BY GOD NOT TO CURSE ISRAEL.