Week #14; Wed, 4/04/18: Ex. 39-Lev. 5

Week #14; Wed, 4/04/18: Ex. 39:1-Lev. 5:19

I recommend following your read of these seven chapters that you view the video below for more current archaeology discoveries that pertain to the furnishings of the tabernacle. I promise it will not be Indiana Jones.

Exodus 39. Much detail is also followed in making the priestly garments for ministering in the Holy Place. Aaron’s holy garments were of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet yarns and fine linen. The square breastpiece was assembled in a like manner with twelve stones embedded in gold settings; one for each tribe. All instructions were delivered to Moses by the Lord.

Exodus 40. The erection of the Tabernacle is thoroughly described in this chapter with attention to detail for directional alignment of the walls and location of the furnishings after they were anointed for worship so it will become holy. Moses erected the tabernacle. Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. Whenever the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the people of Israel would set out. The tabernacle was within the sight of all the people throughout all their journeys.

Leviticus 1. Many laws pertaining to offerings, particularly on the quality, for making atonement before the Lord were mandated. No blemish could be on any offering to the Lord. The burnt offerings made a pleasing aroma to the Lord. Note that the blood was sprinkled on the altar.

Leviticus 2. Grain offerings were to be of finest unleavened flour, oil, and frankincense. Bread had to be seasoned with salt.

Leviticus 3. Peace offerings to the Lord involved similar details in the laws pertaining to how they would be performed.

Leviticus 4. Sin offerings were governed by strict detailed laws as well. Both intentional and unintentional sins had specific offerings by the one who perpetrates the sin on another. Blood is to be applied to the altar if a burnt offering.

Leviticus 5. Further details are to be used for offerings for other matters related to committing sins and making atonement.

NOTE: The topic of blood on the altar arises in a recent video I viewed on YouTube at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8TRoQk6WUE&list=PL6NNBo_y_fjMk_bo9u17_2D5BNehXl6m6&index=3 This video is narrated by Kevin Fisher with Bible scriptures and internal videos that pertain to the altar today. There are four video in the series, some I have previously referenced on crossing the Red Sea and Noah’s Ark. The last one that I will mention later is on Sodom and Gomorrah.

Week #15; Wed, 4/11/18: Lev. 6–11

Week #15; Wed, Apr 11: Lev. 6:1–11:47

Leviticus gives us the consecration of the priesthood; laws concerning sacrifices (usually burnt offerings); conditions for acceptance by God (faith and obedience); forgiveness of sin; schedule of feasts; clean and unclean animals; purification after birth; diseases; consequences of failure to comply; unlawful relationships; punishment for blasphemy; year of Jubilee; the poor; and the Holiness of the Lord.

Leviticus 6. Deceiving or stealing from a neighbor required restoration in full and an additional one fifth when guilt was first realized. This guilt and sin offerings included giving the priest an offering of an animal without blemish to make atonement before the Lord. The priests were given detailed instructions on presenting the burnt offering even regarding clothing. Notice that the fire must burn continually. The grain offering included detailed instructions as well. The priests were prohibited from eating fat or blood.

Leviticus 7. Blood was to be thrown against the sides of the altar. Peace offerings, ordination offerings, fellowship offerings, and freewill offerings included details that were equally and rigidly observed, particularly on what could be eaten and what had to be disposed by fire. Failure to follow all instructions resulted in a person being cut off from his people. The offerings were to be perpetual throughout their generations. The priests were to have their share. The Lord commanded Moses on Mount Sinai for the people to bring offerings to the Lord in the wilderness.

Leviticus 8. The public ordination of Aaron and his son’s to the priests office was done exactly according to God’s instructions. The people were assembled at the entrance of the tent of meeting as the Lord commanded Moses. The importance of washing with water is significant in most all worship. The wave offering was for Moses before the Lord. Seven days were required for ordination. If the ordained did not perform their priestly duties, they were put to death*. They all complied.

Leviticus 9. On the eighth day Aaron presented his sin offering; his sons presented the blood of the bull and ram for throwing upon the altar. The flesh and the skin was burned up outside the camp. The sin, grain, and peace offerings were also performed in the sight of the people. The Lord consumed the sacrifices with fire; the glory of the Lord appeared to all the people. They shouted and fell on their faces.

Leviticus 10. Nadab and Abihu, sons of Aaron, offered unauthorized fire before the Lord. Fire came out from before the Lord and consumed them, killing them*. They were carried out of the camp. The Lord told Aaron, “Drink no wine or strong drink, you or your sons, when you go into the tent of meeting, lest you die. This was to distinguish between the holy and the common and the unclean and the clean. They were charged with teaching the people all the statutes that the Lord spoke to them by Moses.

Leviticus 11. Here is where the flesh of some animals and some of fish, insects, and birds are declared clean and unclean. Other restrictions on what is clean and unclean for consumption is also declared. Best for last: “For I am the Lord your God. Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am holy.” . . . “For I am the Lord who brought you up out of the land of Egypt to be your God. You shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.”

Week #16; Wed, 4/18/18: Lev. 12–16

Week #16; Wed, Apr 18: Lev. 12:1–16:34


12. Purification procedures were specific for protecting anything holy from contamination. A sacrificial offering was required at the end of the period of uncleanness for atonement depending on the ability of the person to pay the price for the offering (i.e., lamb, pigeon, turtledove).
13. Uncleanness also extended to all with a sore, eruption, or blemish which required a detailed examination by a priest. It appears many such skin conditions today would qualify for uncleanness resulting in having to conform with those having leprosy. Search on leprosy colonies and discover that these facilities dot the globe even now. Notice again the role of water in the process of returning to cleanliness. Even burns, spots, and garments were included in the evaluation process.
14. In addition to water, blood and oil were also used as an agent for cleansing one who has a leprous disease. Offerings by the individual were made (based on his/her ability to pay) as atonement. Special provisions were made for houses that were infected with a leprous disease, even to the extent of demolition.
15. Similar provisions were required for anyone with a discharge or emission.
16. A Day of Atonement was made for the people of Israel once a year because of all their sins. Note how Aaron, the priest, could not come at any time into the Holy Place inside the veil, before the mercy seat that is on the ark, so that he may not die. Aaron could only come when he was properly attired with the Holy Garments and with the proper offerings (i.e., bull, goat, ram). Notice how lots were cast to determine which of two goats would be sacrificed and which would be set free into the wilderness. Sweet incense played a role in worship too. Blood was applied to the altar, on the horns all around. The live goat that was released into the wilderness is a likely origin of the term “scapegoat.” Importantly, strict observance of the Sabbath as a day of solemn rest was required.

Week #17; Wed, 4/25/18: Lev. 17-23

Week #17; Wed., 4/25/18: Lev. 17-23


CHAPTER 17—Goat demons are to be excluded from worship with sacrifices; the punishment was being “cut off.” Eating blood resulted in the same punishment. Washing continues to be important for observation and adherence.

CHAPTER 18—Many laws and punishments extended to improper/forbidden sexual relations that had their own levels of consequence. The children of Israel should keep from the practices of Egypt and Canaan. God’s rules are the only rules in which to walk.

CHAPTER 19–God wants us to be holy as He is holy. A very high level of obedience for keeping the Sabbaths holy is demanded. No idols are permitted. Rules for a sacrifice contained strict and detailed steps to follow. The provisions for the poor and the sojourner were stated as to enable love for neighbor as yourself; not gleaning a field to the edge, stripping a vineyard bare–leave some for the less fortunate. No stealing, dealing falsely, lying, swearing are included here and note their relation to the Ten Commandments. Also, you shall love your neighbor as yourself as reiterated by Jesus. Strict agricultural practices also came under God’s statutes. It makes one wonder about today’s GMO practices. No omens or telling fortunes (mediums or necromancers) either. NO TATOOS as well. And just weights and measures were required (smile when you see the state seal on the gas pump and scales).

CHAPTER 20—Child sacrifices to Molech resulted in punishment by death (fast forward to today). Cursing father or mother and sexual immorality also resulted in the same punishment. Note how “the land” itself is enabled to play a role in punishment (vs. 22).

CHAPTER 21—Disfiguring the body was forbidden (fast forward here also). Limitations were placed on a blemished person.

CHAPTER 22—Limitations were placed on anyone unclean (i.e., sons of Aaron) persons (bathing in water appears here again). Acceptable offerings are specified which included being non-blemished for bulls, or the sheep or the goats; they must be perfect.

CHAPTER 23—God’s appointed feast are specified. The Sabbath dictates NO WORK. The Passover was set for the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight with the fifteenth day of the same month for the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Firstfruits, Weeks, Trumpets, Atonement, and Booths have specific dates and rules that apply to these feasts too. These feasts included observance on a day of rest with no work being performed.