Week #10; Wed, 3/07/18: Exodus 13:1-19:25

13. The consecration of all the firstborn marks the end of slavery and the exit from Egypt and was declared by the Lord as a day of celebration to keep each year in the same month (Abib/Nissan/April). Unleavened bread is to be eaten for seven days to commemorate the Lord bringing the Hebrew people out of Egypt. Moses took the bones of Joseph with him to bury them. It is noteworthy that the Lord led them with pillars (2) of cloud by day and fire by night to enable them to travel both day and night.

14. These two clouds protected the Hebrew people from Pharaoh, especially at the crossing of the Red Sea. Moses told the people of Israel “the Lord will fight for you, and you have only to be silent” to prove to the Egyptians that the Lord is God and get glory over Pharaoh and al his host, his chariots, and his horsemen.
1) “The angel of God who was going before the host of Israel moved and went behind them, and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them, coming between the host of Egypt and the host of Israel.”
2) Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the Lord drove the sea back by a strong east wind until the waters divided.
3) The people of Israel went into the midst of the sea on dry ground between the walls of water.
4) The Egyptians until then were held back by the two clouds but later followed after them.
5) Moses stretched out his hand over the sea and the water covered the Egyptians and they all drowned.
The Lord saved Israel and the people feared the Lord and believed in the Lord and in his servant Moses.

15. The Lord provided fresh water from bitter water through a miracle by Moses throwing a log into the water. The people were supplied with with good water to drink in the wilderness.

16. The people were also provided with bread (manna) from heaven in the morning and quail at night to eat. They ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.

17. At Rephidim, again no water was available to drink. The Lord instructed Moses to strike the rock at Horeb (APPARENTLY AT MT. HOREB WHICH IN IN ARABIA). Water gushed out of the rock for the people to drink at Rephidim; the site of a battle with Amalek who was defeated. During the battle Aaron and Hur held up Moses hands until Joshua defeated Amalek by the sword. NOTEWORTHY is that this battle took place AFTER the crossing of the Red Sea.

18. Next, Jethro (Moses father-in-law) came to Moses in the wilderness where he was encamped at the mountain of God (Horeb). POINT: The people of Israel were beyond the Red Sea crossing beside the Mountain of God in Arabia as Paul alludes to in Galatians 4:25. God instructs Moses to bring the people up near the foot of the mountain and He came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain. He called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. The Lord also sent Moses back to get Aaron.

QUESTION: IS MT. SINAI IN ARABIA OR EGYPT? Chapter 20 may shed more light on this question next week.

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